The level of education that comes after successfully completing secondary education, also referred to as high school, is post-secondary education, also known as tertiary education. University and college education, as well as trade and vocational institutions, are all considered post-secondary education. The end product of post-secondary education is often a diploma, certification, or academic degree.
Post-secondary education is decentralized from and essentially independent of federal government regulation. Post-secondary education is often diverse because there are public and private institutions. Some institutions are small and affiliated with religious organizations, while others may be secular, rural, urban, or suburban.
Postsecondary education is fully elective, unlike basic and secondary school, which are mandated for students under the age of 18. It is the last phase of formal education and results in a degree. Levels 6 to 8 of the International Standard
Classification of Education are considered postsecondary education.
Undergraduate and graduate programmes are also included in post-secondary
In the United States, many high school students choose to pursue post-secondary
studies, with more than 21 million students attending after high school. This
is because many people view this as a ticket to financial security, as having a
higher education degree can be the key to opening up more job opportunities in
the marketplace. While college is one type of post-secondary education, it is
not the only form of tertiary education. And the fact that someone has
completed their post-secondary education does not necessarily mean that there
will be job offers for their choice. It also doesn’t mean they automatically
earn more than someone who opted out of post-secondary education.
Secondary Education Vs. Post-Secondary Education
Secondary education is more commonly known as high school, but can also refer to people who have taken their GED (General Education Development) tests or any worldwide equivalent. Unlike post-secondary education, students must attend high school (or at least do, until they turn 18 and can opt out).
There are a number of people who choose to drop out (around 527,000 people from
October 2017 to October 2018). While it is possible for them to find work
(about 47.2 percent of them), they cannot attend post-secondary education
unless they finish high school or earn a high school diploma.
And while there are jobs available for those who didn’t finish high school or
finished high school but chose not to attend post-secondary education, this
closes some doors for them. For example, if you want to become a doctor, you
cannot enter medical school until you earn a bachelor’s degree by attending
four years of college in an appropriate pre-medical program. So even if you got
high marks in biology in high school, no medical school will accept a student
without a bachelor’s degree.
Post Secondary Institutions
Contrary to popular belief, the term “post-secondary education” and similar
terms are not limited to earning a bachelor’s degree in high school. Colleges
and universities are the most popular option, but they may not be the best
financially possible option for everyone, especially when you consider that
many college graduates in the US are struggling to pay off student loans years
after graduating from college. university.
If you are open to the idea of continuing your education after high school but
want to consider other options, these are your possible options.
Also known as trade or technology schools, vocational schools teach students the
technical side of certain trades or specific job skills. Unlike universities
where their students receive academic training for careers in certain
professional disciplines, vocational school students undertake job-specific
training where certain physical skills are needed more than academic learning.
These are available in almost every country, although they may go by different names. In some countries, there may be private vocational schools or public vocational schools that are fully or partly subsidized by the government for people who want to learn skills for better employment opportunities.
Some vocational courses include:
Nursing care for health (for people who want to work as caregivers)
Computer network management
Word processing application (secretary positions)
Food and beverage management
Catering and hotel management
Hairdressing, cosmetics and beautification
Technician in pharmacology
Keep in mind that there are many more vocational training courses than are offered,
but not all vocational schools offer all types of courses. Some vocational
schools may also specialize in certain industries, so it’s best to search for
vocational schools in your area
Completion of any of these courses earns you a certificate showing that you have completed and trained in the skill of your choice. This gives you a competitive advantage in the job market compared to other high school graduates who don’t have the same training for your skill set.
It is also possible to have multiple certificates for different courses if you
feel this will give you an added advantage, such as becoming certified for
Electrician, Plumber, and Carpenter courses if you intend to work in the
construction industry. This also goes for college grads who think they can get
a head start with a college degree and vocational school certificate on their
There are two definitions of non-degree students. The first is a student who attends
a college or university and is attending classes for an undergraduate,
master’s, or doctoral degree, but not for a degree. There are people who may be
eager to study for particular classes and are interested in pursuing academic
goals, but they do not see the need to get a full degree. They might do this
only out of a desire to learn more about a certain subject or to demonstrate on
their CV that they have studied the subject.
Another type of non-degree student are online or classroom programs on specific topics that can be used to develop skills in the curriculum or personal enrichment.
You won’t get a diploma, but you will get a certificate of completion. It’s
similar to what you earn in tech school, but more academic than skill-wise.
Community colleges are also known as “Communiversity colleges” or
“two-year colleges.” As the name suggests, instead of earning a
bachelor’s degree after four years, community college students earn associate’s
degrees after only two years. Some community colleges also offer non-degree
certificate and vocational courses, though not all colleges do. Aside from
academic classes, community colleges offer other programs for the community.
The reason community colleges take half the time to earn a diploma is because they
only offer the general education requirements that all college students must
take. At regular colleges and universities, you spend four years studying: the
first two years are devoted to general education requirements, while the next
two are for your specialized classes based on your major.
Community college can be a step toward employment, but it can also be a step toward college. With the classes you’ve taken at community college, you can proceed to a university and specialize for two more years to earn a bachelor’s degree. But if you feel you don’t need one and intend to enter the workforce after
attending community college, you’ll be awarded an associate’s degree after
Colleges and Universities
The most popular choice for post-secondary education, colleges and universities not
only provide bachelor’s degrees for high school students, but also graduate
degrees for undergraduates. Some examples of graduate degrees that fall into
this group include graduate school, law school, medical school, dental school,
and business school.
Some people attend post-secondary educational institutions, such as graduate schools and business schools, to earn a master’s degree that will give them an
advantage in the job market for higher-ranking positions. However, for other
institutions like law school and medical school, you must enter and finish your
education if you want to achieve a certain job position. For example,
paralegals may need a certification or even a bachelor’s degree, depending on
how competitive a paralegal position is at a law firm, but if you want to
become a lawyer, you must finish law school and pass the bar exam. . in your jurisdiction.
It is relatively the most expensive form of post-secondary education, but there
are several options for how to get into it. There are several scholarship and
grant programs that can get you partial or full scholarships (some even provide
stipends or allowances for expenses like food, books, and other necessities)
without going into debt. However, many scholarship programs are extremely
competitive and are generally awarded to students who show great academic or
athletic promise or who require the most financial aid.